You can prevent colds by washing your hands regularly, It’s also important to keep the house and any household items such as cups, glasses and towels clean, especially if someone in your house is ill.
Sore throats are common in winter and are almost always caused by viral infections.
Tip: One quick and easy remedy for a sore throat is to gargle with warm salty water. Dissolve one teaspoon of salt in a glass of part-cooled boiled water.
Cold air is a major trigger of asthma symptoms such as wheezing and shortness of breath. People with asthma should be especially careful in winter.
Tip:Stay indoors on very cold, windy. If you do go out, wear a scarf loosely over your nose and mouth.
Also known as the winter vomiting bug, norovirus is an extremely infectious stomach bug. It can strike all year round, but is more common in winter and in places such as hotels, hospitals, nursing homes and schools.
Tip:By drinking oral rehydration fluids (available from pharmacies), you can reduce the risk of dehydration.
Joints become more painful and stiff in winter, though it’s not clear why this is the case. There’s no evidence that changes in the weather cause joint damage.
Tip:Daily exercise can boost a person’s mental and physical state. Swimming is ideal as it’s easy on the joints.
Most of us recognise that cold sores are a sign that we’re run down or under stress. While there’s no cure for cold sores, you can reduce the chances of getting one by looking after yourself through winter.
Tip: Every day, do things that make you feel less stressed, such as having a hot bath, going for a walk in the park
Cold weather increases blood pressure and puts more strain on the heart. Your heart also has to work harder to maintain body heat when it’s cold.
Tip:Wrap up warm when you go out and wear a hat, scarf and gloves.
Fingers can go white, then blue, then red, and throb and tingle. The small blood vessels of the hands and feet go into spasm, temporarily reducing blood flow to your hands and feet.
Tip:Don’t smoke or drink caffeine (both can worsen symptoms) and always wear warm gloves, socks and shoes when going out in cold weather.
Dry skin is a common condition and is often worse during the winter, when environmental humidity is low.
Tip:Have warm, rather than hot, showers. Water that is too hot makes skin feel more dry and itchy.The best time to apply moisturiser is after a bath or shower while your skin is still moist, and again at bedtime.
Flu can be a major killer of vulnerable people. People aged 65 and over, pregnant women and people with long-term health conditions
Shreya Hospital . Plot No. 837, Shalimar Garden, Ext-I,
Sahibabad, Block C, Shalimar Garden Extension I, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh 201005.